Dubai And Other Emirates
United Arab Emirates is a federation comprised of 7 emirates lying on the Arabian Peninsula. Each Emirate has its unique culture and history. All 7 Emirates forged together on 2 December 1971 to constitute a country called UAE.
Abu Dhabi is the largest of the Emirates. It lies on the Gulf of Arabian Peninsula on the latitudes of 22.5 and 25 North and longitudes of 51 and 55 East. Spread over an area of 67340 sq km, Abu Dhabi makes up for nearly 86% area of the UAE. The capital of UAE is Abu Dhabi City inside Abu Dhabi. There are 3 main regions of this Emirate namely Abu Dhabi City, Al Dhafra, and Al Ain. Total population of Abu Dhabi is 1678000.
The city of Abu Dhabi is the seat of the country that houses not just the President and all cabinet ministries but also the embassies of all foreign countries. It also has Abu Dhabi International Airport as well as Port Zayed besides headquarters of all petroleum companies and other commercial entities. The most iconic landmark of the city is the Corniche where one finds many beautiful parks and fountains. Al Ain is the most fertile region of Abu Dhabi having natural water resources that are seen in the form of wells and underground channels. Some of the best known structures in Al Ain are Jebel Hafit, Zoo, Al Hilli Games Park, and Ain Al Faida Park.
Capital of the Western Area of Abu Dhabi is Zayed City. It has an abundance of trees with forests planted to stop desertification of the area. Abu Dhabi has a region called Al Ruwais containing oil refineries and petroleum fields. Arzana, Zarko, Das, and Mebraz are islands included in Abu Dhabi containing sea petroleum fields. Other islands in this emirate are Ser Ban Yas, Abul Abyad, and Dalma.
Dubai is another important emirate of UAE located on the Gulf of Arabian Peninsula. It is small emirate with an area of only 3885 sq km, making up just 5% of the total area of UAE. With a population of 1.4 million and fast economic development, Dubai still retains its original character. People of Dubai follow strict Islamic traditions. Capital of Dubai is Dubai City which is divided into two parts through a creek called Dubai Creek. Southern part is called Bur Dubai which happens to be the hub of all official activities. It houses the ruler’s residence as well as all banks, offices and Port Rashid. Northern part of Dubai City, called Delra, is the hub of tourist and commercial activities. Delra contains most of the shops, malls, hotels, schools and clubs. It also contains Dubai International Airport.
Jebel Ali is a region in Dubai that is considered the most prominent industrial and commercial areas of the emirate. It contains Dubai Aluminum Factory, Jebel Ali Port, and the Dry Dock. Some of the important places for tourism in Dubai are Khawanij, Al Awir, and Hatta. Dubai has some of the best hotels for tourists and businessmen arriving here in large numbers. Restaurants in these hotels serve international cuisines to cater to the requirements of these guests. In addition to these luxury hotels, Dubai has hundreds of small hotels and restaurants to suit the budget of common people.
Dubai is famous for its high end shopping through huge shopping malls where tourists can buy world class products. Dubai is famous for its annual Dubai Shopping Festival which attracts millions of tourists form all parts of the world.
Sharjah is a small emirate having an area of 3300 sq km and a population of 1400000. It comprises the capital city Sharjah and some other minor cities like Khor Pakkan, Dibba Al Hisn, and Kalba. Sharjah is a monarchy ruled by Sultan bin Muhammad Al-Qasimi. It is Sharjah City where all the banks, offices, hotels, and government departments. Sharjah is famous for its Islamic architecture and world class shopping malls. There are many facilities for amusement and recreation in Sharjah such as Lake Corniche, Al Jajeera Games Park, and Al Qasba Channel. One of the important landmarks of the city are several tall minaretes.
Sharjah boasts of Port Khalid and Sharjah International Airport. It also has some oases that are very fertile and produce large quantities of fruits and vegetables. There is another sea port in the town of Khor Fakkan. Two islands called Sir Bur Naer and Abu Mousa are also part of this emirate.
Sharjah is a city rooted to its rich cultural heritage in the form of its historic monuments. It has many museums reflecting the long and colorful history of the region. UNESCO chose Sharjah the cultural capital of the Arab world in the year 1998. There is also Sharjah New Arts Museum housing great art pieces reflecting the art of the region since ancient times. The strategic location of Sharjah has made it an important place in International maritime route. It reaches the Gulf of Oman on the one hand and many valleys and mountains on the other hand. Sharjah is home to many excellent quality hotels located on its beaches at Khalid Lake. These beaches also contain many parks, restaurants, and gardens.
Between the Emirates of Umm Al Quwain and Sharjah lies the emirate of Ajman in the Arabian Gulf. It is a small emirate having an area of just 259 sq km and a population of 258000. Capital of Ajman is the city of Ajman which houses the ruler’s residence, companies offices, banks, and all trading markets. There is a port called Ajman port on a creek flowing across the city. Ajman city has maintained its traditional style despite having become a modern city with all modern amenities for the residents. Beach lovers enjoy the beautiful beaches of Ajman with crystal clear water and clean air.
110 km south east to Ajman is a region called Massfout. It is a very fertile region with moderate climate. With beautiful valleys and surrounding mountains, Massfout is a centre of attraction for the tourists who arrive in large numbers. One of the most important landmarks of Ajaman city is Ajman Fort. Built in the 18th century, this fort has been restored and converted into a museum exhibiting artifacts and archeological samples from the past of the region.
Umm Al Quwain
Umm Al Quwain is a small emirate that lies between Sharjah and Ras Al Khaimah on the Gulf of Arabian Peninsula. It has an area of 777 sq km and a population of 68000. Capital of Umm Al Quwain is a city by the same name that lies across a creek. Ruler’s residence, all important government buildings, banks, and markets are housed in this city. This city also contains the port of Saqr as well as Marine Life Research and Breeding Centre that lays an important role in the development of fisheries.
Attached to the city of Umm Al Quwain 50km south east to it is a region called Falaj Al Mualia. Its name comes from Al Falaj, a word meaning water channel. This region is very fertile because of underground water and helps in the production of agricultural commodities.
There is an island called Scenic Island just 1km from the city of Ajman. It is a part of this emirate and known for its deer and sea bird reserve. This island is full of Crimea trees. Ruins of an ancient city called Al Door are situated in this emirate on the coast to its south east. Archeological remains such as graves, houses, pottery, and Egyptian glass have been found in this ancient city believed to have been built some 2000 years ago.
Ras Al Khaimah
Lying of the Gulf of Arabian Peninsula is the emirate of Ras Al Khaimah. It has an area of 1684 sq km which makes up nearly 2.2% of the total area of the UAE. It has a population of 205000. This emirate shares its borders with Sultanate of Oman in the shape of mountains in south and northeast directions. Capital of this emirate is the city of Ras Al Khaimah which is divided into two parts by a creek having the same name. Western part is called Old Ras Al Khaimah and it houses government buildings and the museum of Ras Al Khaimah. Al Nakheel is the eastern part housing ruler’s residence, some government offices, and commercial markets. There is a bridge connecting both parts of the city.
There is an industrial area called Khor Khowair Industrial Area some 25 km to the north of Ras Al Khaimah city. This area contains not just the port of Saqr but also many important industries such as marble, cement, and rocks.
The city of Ras Al Khaimah has a National Museum containing artifacts from ancient times. It also contains human remains as well as ruins of Shommal Colonies dating three thousand years back. This emirate is famous for its diverse archeological remains such as Al Ghaf Valleey, Dhay Fort, and Julfar City. Other attractions of this emirate are its mountains, valleys, beaches and agricultural regions. There is also a resort called Ain Khit known for its hot springs.
Fujairah is an emirate that is located in the Gulf of Oman. This is why it has a strategic importance for the UAE. It has an area of 1165 sq km, making up 1.5% of the total area of UAE. It has a small population of 127000. Its capital is the city of Fujairah where the ruler lives and where there are most of the government buildings, offices, banks, and markets. This city has a port as well as Fujairah airport that is used for commercial activities of the emirate. Fujairah city has a very fertile land used for agricultural activities.
Fujairah is a great attraction for the tourists because of the presence of beautiful mountains, valleys, and water channels. Daba Al Fujaira is an important area in this emirate known for its livestock farms, agriculture, and fishing. Lying close to Al Matab Bank is Fujairah Heritage Village famous for its ancient history and an abundance of artifacts including houses, tools, and cutlery items. There are tools that reveal how ancestors irrigated their farms using oxen.
Fujairah Emirate also contains the oldest mosque of the UAE called Al Bidya Mosque. It is famous for its ancient Islamic architecture reflected through its four domes on the roof.